An African American and Latinx History of the United States

Author Paul Ortiz
Paperback
$17.00 US
6"W x 8.97"H x 0.85"D  
On sale Dec 11, 2018 | 296 Pages | 978-0-8070-0593-4
| Grades 9-12 + AP/IB
An intersectional history of the shared struggle for African American and Latinx civil rights

Spanning more than two hundred years, An African American and Latinx History of the United States is a revolutionary, politically charged narrative history arguing that the “Global South” was crucial to the development of America as we know it. Ortiz challenges the notion of westward progress, as exalted by widely taught formulations such as “manifest destiny” and “Jacksonian democracy,” and shows how placing African American, Latinx, and Indigenous voices unapologetically front and center transforms American history into the story of the working class organizing against imperialism.

In precise detail, Ortiz traces this untold history from the Jim Crow-esque racial segregation of the Southwest, the rise and violent fall of a powerful tradition of Mexican labor organizing in the twentieth century, to May 1, 2006, International Workers’ Day, when migrant laborers—Chicana/os, Afro-Cubanos, and immigrants from nearly every continent on earth—united in resistance on the first “Day Without Immigrants.”

Incisive and timely, An African American and Latinx History of the United States is a bottom-up history told from the viewpoint of African American and Latinx activists and revealing the radically different ways people of the diaspora addressed issues still plaguing the United States today.
© Deborah Hendrix
Paul Ortiz is an associate professor of history and the director of the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program at the University of Florida. He is the author of Emancipation Betrayed: The Hidden History of Black Organizing and White Violence from Reconstruction to the Bloody Election of 1920 and coeditor of the oral history Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell About Life in the Segregated South. He lives in Gainesville, Florida. View titles by Paul Ortiz
Author’s Note

INTRODUCTION
“Killed Helping Workers to Organize”
REENVISIONING AMERICAN HISTORY

CHAPTER 1
The Haitian Revolution and the Birth of Emancipatory Internationalism, 1770s to 1920s

CHAPTER 2
The Mexican War of Independence and US History
ANTI-IMPERIALISM AS A WAY OF LIFE, 1820s TO 1850s

CHAPTER 3
“To Break the Fetters of Slaves All Over the World”
THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF THE CIVIL WAR, 1850s TO 1865

CHAPTER 4
Global Visions of Reconstruction
THE CUBAN SOLIDARITY MOVEMENT, 1860s TO 1880s

CHAPTER 5
Waging War on the Government of American Banks in the Global South, 1890s to 1920s

CHAPTER 6
Forgotten Workers of America
RACIAL CAPITALISM AND THE WORKING CLASS, 1890s TO 1940s

CHAPTER 7
Emancipatory Internationalism vs. the American Century, 1945 to 1960s

CHAPTER 8
El Gran Paro Estadounidense
THE REBIRTH OF THE AMERICAN WORKING CLASS, 1970s TO THE PRESENT

EPILOGUE
A New Origin Narrative of American History

Acknowledgments
A Note on Sources
Notes
Index

Educator Guide for An African American and Latinx History of the United States

Classroom-based guides appropriate for schools and colleges provide pre-reading and classroom activities, discussion questions connected to the curriculum, further reading, and resources.

(Please note: the guide displayed here is the most recently uploaded version; while unlikely, any page citation discrepancies between the guide and book is likely due to pagination differences between a book’s different formats.)

“A concise, alternate history of the United States. . . .A sleek, vital history that effectively shows how, ‘from the outset, inequality was enforced with the whip, the gun, and the United States Constitution.’”
Kirkus Reviews, Starred Review

“A challenging and necessary approach to understanding our history. A must-read for those who want a deeper perspective than is offered in the traditional history textbook.”
Library Journal

“A welcome antidote to the poison of current reactionary attitudes toward people of color, their cultures, and place in the US.”
Booklist

“Here is a far more inclusive, alternative history—one developed from the bottom up—that does not worship the cult of Europe.”
CHOICE

An African American and Latinx History of the United States is a curriculum as much as it is an ongoing story of liberation. And it does the work of both without resorting to academese, or resembling an academic text at all—to its immense credit.”
Los Angeles Review of Books

An African American and Latinx History of the United States is a gift.”
—Ibram X. Kendi, National Book Award–winning author of Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America

“Paul Ortiz is a true people’s historian . . . essential reading for our times.”
—Greg Grandin, author of Empire of Necessity: Slavery, Freedom, and Deception in the New World

“A crucial read for our current moment.”
—Donna Murch, author of Living for the City

“An imaginatively conceived, carefully researched, beautifully written, and passionately argued book . . . Accessible, engaging, and enlightening.”
—George Lipsitz, author of The Possessive Investment in Whiteness

“A fierce and masterful work of historical scholarship. Extraordinary in its depth and breadth.”
—Gaye Theresa Johnson, author of Spaces of Conflict, Sounds of Solidarity

“An epic, panoramic account of class struggles in the Western Hemisphere. At center stage are the Black, Latinx, and Indigenous people who built the ‘new world.’”
—Robin D. G. Kelley, author of Freedom Dreams: The Black Radical Imagination

“From Crispus Attucks and José Maria Morelos to César Chávez and Martin Luther King Jr . . . The result is simultaneously invigorating, embarrassing, and essential to anyone interested in what the revolutionaries of years past can teach us about struggles for freedom, equality, and democracy today.”
—William P. Jones, author of The March on Washington: Jobs, Freedom, and the Forgotten History of Civil Rights

“A groundbreaking book about African Americans and Latino/a Americans whose ancestors came from Africa, the Americas, and the Caribbean. . . [Ortiz] has captured the historic drama of their collective experience in their struggles for social justice, writing from the perspective of an activist scholar engaged in the current issues facing both peoples.”
—Carlos Muñoz Jr., author of Youth, Identity, Power: The Chicano Movement

“After reading An African American and Latinx History of the United States, I was taken back to Professor Paul Ortiz’s classroom at UC Santa Cruz. There, we—Black and Brown student artists, poets, and organizers enrolled in his undergraduate course—rejoiced in our shared history of struggle for a United States rooted in peace and mutual respect. This book is both register of African American and Latinx freedom seekers and encouragement to see that there has never been a more urgent time than ours to heed the call for ‘emancipatory internationalism.’”
—Jonathan D. Gomez, PhD, University of California, Santa Barbara, Center for Black Studies Research

“Paul Ortiz’s African American and Latinx History of the United States provides an essential frame for understanding how freedom struggles dating back to the eighteenth century inform today’s entrenched inequality and systemic racism across diasporas. This is a necessary text for reconceptualizing American history, and Ortiz meticulously establishes historical precedent for multiethnic coalition building that extends beyond geographical borders to restore dignity and architect descriptive and substantive representation.”
—Sonja Diaz, executive director of the University of California, Los Angeles, Latino Policy and Politics Initiative

“Scholar and activist Paul Ortiz presents a more comprehensive, more proactive history of Black and Latinx communities and leaders, which stands in stark contrast to the typical reactionary narratives often depicted in mainstream history books.”
—Rachel King, Fortune

About

An intersectional history of the shared struggle for African American and Latinx civil rights

Spanning more than two hundred years, An African American and Latinx History of the United States is a revolutionary, politically charged narrative history arguing that the “Global South” was crucial to the development of America as we know it. Ortiz challenges the notion of westward progress, as exalted by widely taught formulations such as “manifest destiny” and “Jacksonian democracy,” and shows how placing African American, Latinx, and Indigenous voices unapologetically front and center transforms American history into the story of the working class organizing against imperialism.

In precise detail, Ortiz traces this untold history from the Jim Crow-esque racial segregation of the Southwest, the rise and violent fall of a powerful tradition of Mexican labor organizing in the twentieth century, to May 1, 2006, International Workers’ Day, when migrant laborers—Chicana/os, Afro-Cubanos, and immigrants from nearly every continent on earth—united in resistance on the first “Day Without Immigrants.”

Incisive and timely, An African American and Latinx History of the United States is a bottom-up history told from the viewpoint of African American and Latinx activists and revealing the radically different ways people of the diaspora addressed issues still plaguing the United States today.

Author

© Deborah Hendrix
Paul Ortiz is an associate professor of history and the director of the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program at the University of Florida. He is the author of Emancipation Betrayed: The Hidden History of Black Organizing and White Violence from Reconstruction to the Bloody Election of 1920 and coeditor of the oral history Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell About Life in the Segregated South. He lives in Gainesville, Florida. View titles by Paul Ortiz

Table of Contents

Author’s Note

INTRODUCTION
“Killed Helping Workers to Organize”
REENVISIONING AMERICAN HISTORY

CHAPTER 1
The Haitian Revolution and the Birth of Emancipatory Internationalism, 1770s to 1920s

CHAPTER 2
The Mexican War of Independence and US History
ANTI-IMPERIALISM AS A WAY OF LIFE, 1820s TO 1850s

CHAPTER 3
“To Break the Fetters of Slaves All Over the World”
THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF THE CIVIL WAR, 1850s TO 1865

CHAPTER 4
Global Visions of Reconstruction
THE CUBAN SOLIDARITY MOVEMENT, 1860s TO 1880s

CHAPTER 5
Waging War on the Government of American Banks in the Global South, 1890s to 1920s

CHAPTER 6
Forgotten Workers of America
RACIAL CAPITALISM AND THE WORKING CLASS, 1890s TO 1940s

CHAPTER 7
Emancipatory Internationalism vs. the American Century, 1945 to 1960s

CHAPTER 8
El Gran Paro Estadounidense
THE REBIRTH OF THE AMERICAN WORKING CLASS, 1970s TO THE PRESENT

EPILOGUE
A New Origin Narrative of American History

Acknowledgments
A Note on Sources
Notes
Index

Guides

Educator Guide for An African American and Latinx History of the United States

Classroom-based guides appropriate for schools and colleges provide pre-reading and classroom activities, discussion questions connected to the curriculum, further reading, and resources.

(Please note: the guide displayed here is the most recently uploaded version; while unlikely, any page citation discrepancies between the guide and book is likely due to pagination differences between a book’s different formats.)

Praise

“A concise, alternate history of the United States. . . .A sleek, vital history that effectively shows how, ‘from the outset, inequality was enforced with the whip, the gun, and the United States Constitution.’”
Kirkus Reviews, Starred Review

“A challenging and necessary approach to understanding our history. A must-read for those who want a deeper perspective than is offered in the traditional history textbook.”
Library Journal

“A welcome antidote to the poison of current reactionary attitudes toward people of color, their cultures, and place in the US.”
Booklist

“Here is a far more inclusive, alternative history—one developed from the bottom up—that does not worship the cult of Europe.”
CHOICE

An African American and Latinx History of the United States is a curriculum as much as it is an ongoing story of liberation. And it does the work of both without resorting to academese, or resembling an academic text at all—to its immense credit.”
Los Angeles Review of Books

An African American and Latinx History of the United States is a gift.”
—Ibram X. Kendi, National Book Award–winning author of Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America

“Paul Ortiz is a true people’s historian . . . essential reading for our times.”
—Greg Grandin, author of Empire of Necessity: Slavery, Freedom, and Deception in the New World

“A crucial read for our current moment.”
—Donna Murch, author of Living for the City

“An imaginatively conceived, carefully researched, beautifully written, and passionately argued book . . . Accessible, engaging, and enlightening.”
—George Lipsitz, author of The Possessive Investment in Whiteness

“A fierce and masterful work of historical scholarship. Extraordinary in its depth and breadth.”
—Gaye Theresa Johnson, author of Spaces of Conflict, Sounds of Solidarity

“An epic, panoramic account of class struggles in the Western Hemisphere. At center stage are the Black, Latinx, and Indigenous people who built the ‘new world.’”
—Robin D. G. Kelley, author of Freedom Dreams: The Black Radical Imagination

“From Crispus Attucks and José Maria Morelos to César Chávez and Martin Luther King Jr . . . The result is simultaneously invigorating, embarrassing, and essential to anyone interested in what the revolutionaries of years past can teach us about struggles for freedom, equality, and democracy today.”
—William P. Jones, author of The March on Washington: Jobs, Freedom, and the Forgotten History of Civil Rights

“A groundbreaking book about African Americans and Latino/a Americans whose ancestors came from Africa, the Americas, and the Caribbean. . . [Ortiz] has captured the historic drama of their collective experience in their struggles for social justice, writing from the perspective of an activist scholar engaged in the current issues facing both peoples.”
—Carlos Muñoz Jr., author of Youth, Identity, Power: The Chicano Movement

“After reading An African American and Latinx History of the United States, I was taken back to Professor Paul Ortiz’s classroom at UC Santa Cruz. There, we—Black and Brown student artists, poets, and organizers enrolled in his undergraduate course—rejoiced in our shared history of struggle for a United States rooted in peace and mutual respect. This book is both register of African American and Latinx freedom seekers and encouragement to see that there has never been a more urgent time than ours to heed the call for ‘emancipatory internationalism.’”
—Jonathan D. Gomez, PhD, University of California, Santa Barbara, Center for Black Studies Research

“Paul Ortiz’s African American and Latinx History of the United States provides an essential frame for understanding how freedom struggles dating back to the eighteenth century inform today’s entrenched inequality and systemic racism across diasporas. This is a necessary text for reconceptualizing American history, and Ortiz meticulously establishes historical precedent for multiethnic coalition building that extends beyond geographical borders to restore dignity and architect descriptive and substantive representation.”
—Sonja Diaz, executive director of the University of California, Los Angeles, Latino Policy and Politics Initiative

“Scholar and activist Paul Ortiz presents a more comprehensive, more proactive history of Black and Latinx communities and leaders, which stands in stark contrast to the typical reactionary narratives often depicted in mainstream history books.”
—Rachel King, Fortune

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